Phenotype Guide

These pages are  designed to be a guide in the understanding of correct and incorrect phenotype in the Dogo Canario though the use of illustrations and photographs where applicable.  We hope that you will develop both an understanding of typical breed features as well as serious faults of the breed, including how to identify a dog of impure breeding.

 Normal Morphology

  1. cranium

  2. face

  3. stop

  4. nose

  5. lips

  6. corner of lips

  7. profile of the face

  8. eyes

  9. lids

  10. ear

  11. occipital crest

  12. mastoid

  13. frontal sinus

  14. neck

  15. upper border of the neck

  16. jowl

  17. withers

  18. dorsum

  19. loin

  20. croup

  21. angle of the rump

  22. shoulder

  1. distal shoulder

  2. tip of sternum

  3. arm

  4. elbow

  5. forearm

  6. carpal

  7. metacarpal

  8. toes

  9. chest

  10. ribs

  11. flank

  12. abdomen

  13. groin

  14. thigh

  15. peak of the buttocks

  16. knee

  17. leg

  18. hock

  19. metatarsal

  20. dorsolumbar line

  21. tail

Measuring Proportions

  1. Continuation of the facial line
  2. Continuation of the cranial line
  3. Cranial facial angle
  4. Cylindrical neck
  5. The perimeter of the thorax is equal to the height of the withers plus 45%
  6. Withers
  1. Height to the bottom of the chest is 50% of the height to the withers
  2. Length of the shoulders
  3. The length of the body is equal to the height at the withers plus 18 or 20%
  4. Height of the croup
  5. The dorsolumbar line is straight, ascending lightly toward the croup
  6. Height to the hock.  the hocks are low



This is an example of correct body proportions:

Presa Canario Tor